Top left: Raising of Lazarus
Top right: Hypothesis
Bottom left: Mark portrait
Rossano Gospels (6th C)
• Written in Greek
• A luxurious manuscript – both by colours but also by the quality of the artistic execution.
• A circular opening page reflecting the synthesis / unity of the four evangelists.
• Image of the raising of Lazarus from the dead. Reveals a distinction between believers and non-believers. Below this image are four old testament prophets, each “holding’ texts. Hebrews begins with quotes from the OT justifying the link to the NT.
• Illuminated sections of the manuscript are not inserted into the Gospel text, but rather are placed to the front to make a theological statement.
• Not a picture book like the Vienna Genesis, not a dense text setup like the Cotton Genesis.
• Earliest extant Evangelist portrait, possibly the earliest portrait altogether. View of the seated philosopher inspired by a muse, a divine spirit, but not represented as a dove, or typical Christian image. Blending of polytheistic Roman tradition harnessed to communicate ideas about a relatively new Christian tradition.